“California Competes” has published a report Back to College on the need to improve the education of the four million adults in California (about 20% of that population) who did get some college credits, but no a college degree. Helping more of these to get a degree, could boost their individual prosperity, sustain the state’s innovation economy by meeting workforce demands, and form civically engaged, cohesive communities – the report argues.
The report is the first of a series on adults and higher education in California. The report looks at financial, personal and institutional obstacles for these adults to return to College to complete their degree.
This report primarily used data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) five-year estimates for 2016. The authors explain their choice of five-year estimates because these give more reliability by using a larger sample averaged over five years of data collection. They argues that this is especially important when disaggregating data by multiple categories, such as educational attainment, race/ethnicity, and gender.