The OECD has published a 151 page report on “Bridging the Digital Gender Divide: Include, Upskill, Innovate”. The report was made at the request of the Australian government and serves to support discussion on the equitable participation of women in the digital economy.
The report assesses the returns (by estimating individual level wage regressions) for cognitive as well as non-cognitive skills using data from PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies). It investigates whether these returns to skills differ between industries that are digital intensive, as compared to those were less digitally transformed. By focusing on differences, it aims to support policies to the gender wage gap and support disadvantaged groups to overcome challenges of the digital transformation.
Key messages: Women are less likely (26%) to have a smartphone, their internet gap is 11%, and the gender gap really starts around the age of 15. The digital gender is a problem for all, as more gender diversity in the digital workplace leads to wider technological breadth and more economical value.
Interestingly, the report uses a task-based approach to skills, which allows a more integrated approach analysis of how a mix of subject-related, general cognitive and personal skills help individuals to succeed in work – and life.