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Education Under Attack

VU International News and Reviews No. 113 May 21 2018

August 2019

The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA) has published the 2018 version of its “Education under Attack” report.

The overall number of attacks on education documented in Education under Attack 2018 suggests that violence directed at students, educators, and their institutions increased worldwide. Between January 2013 and December 2017, from 2009 to the mid-2013 period covered in Education under Attack 2014.

This study found that there were reports of more than 1,000 individual attacks on education or cases of military use of schools or universities, or of 1,000 or more students, teachers, or other education personnel being harmed, in 9 countries: DRC, Egypt, Israel/Palestine, Nigeria, the Philippines, South Sudan, Syria, Turkey, and Yemen.

Reports suggested that students and educators were individually targeted most frequently in Afghanistan, Israel/Palestine, Nigeria, and the Philippines.

Military use of schools or universities was reported at least once in 29 countries. These included cases in which armed forces or non-state armed groups used schools as bases, barracks, temporary shelters, fighting positions, weapons storage facilities, detention and interrogation centres, or military training facilities.

Girls and women were uniquely targeted because of their gender, not only as victims of sexual violence but also where armed groups opposed female education.

Girls and women were targets of attacks on education because of their gender in at least 18 of the 28 countries profiled in this report.

Attacks on higher education staff and infrastructure were widely reported in every country profiled, including attacks on higher education buildings in 20 countries.

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