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How to advance gender equality in education

VU International News and Reviews No. 99 October 9 2017

October 2017

The OECD has published The Pursuit of Gender Equality, An Uphill Battle, which examines recent developments in gender equality in education, employment, entrepreneurship and public life. It contains one overview chapter and 24 short chapters, each with key findings and policy recommendations.

Gender inequalities persist in all areas of social and economic life and across countries. Young women in OECD countries generally obtain more years of schooling than young men, but women are less likely than men to engage in paid work. Gaps widen with age, as motherhood typically has marked adverse effects on gender pay gaps and career advancement. Women are also less likely to be entrepreneurs and are underrepresented in private and public leadership positions.

The 2013 and 2015 OECD Gender Recommendations guide how to advance gender equality in education, employment, entrepreneurship and public life; this book discusses recent developments in these areas in one overview chapter and 24 short chapters which each include key findings and policy recommendations. Topics include violence against women, gender budgeting, the unequal sharing of unpaid work, labour market outcomes and migration. The book presents a range of indicators illustrating gender gaps. It also discusses recent policy initiatives, such as pay transparency measures to reduce gender wage gaps and policy reform aimed at fathers taking parental leave.

The report shows that of the “Aurora countries”,  the UK and Germany have a gender pay gap above the OECD average, while the Netherlands, Sweden, Iceland, France, Norway and Belgium are below – Belgium at the absolute lowest gender pay gap in OECD countries. It would be interesting to see how Aurora universities do themselves in this respect.

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