The OECD has published the report “Catching up? Intergenerational mobility and children of immigrants”. The report finds that natives with immigrant parents have lower educational attainment and weaker learning outcomes than their peers with native-born parents in most European OECD countries, especially in those countries which experienced large-scale immigration of low-educated immigrants in the past. Native-born persons with two foreign-born parents are a growing group: in the European Union, they account for 9% of all youth aged
15-34, but already for 11% of all children below the age of 15. Natives with parents born outside the EU are 4 percentage points less likely to choose an academic higher education stream than their peers with native-born parents and similar education levels.
But the gap is slowly getting smaller, which can be seen both in the gap within one age group and between age groups:
On average across European OECD countries, natives with immigrant parents have on average 1.3 years more schooling than those parents, while their peers with native-born parents have 0.7 years.
Among parents, the difference in educational attainment between native-born and immigrants is roughly 1.2 years of schooling, while among the offspring generation this difference is reduced to roughly 0.7 years of schooling.