In the period between 1980 and 2000, communis opinion among international development specialists and agencies was that educational investments should be in basic and vocational education, not in higher education.
Now a thorough review of existing scholarly literature has shown that the impact of universities in developing countries of their nation´s economic growth has been greater than previously assumed. The authors show that previous analysis focused on the teaching function of the universities. They have included the universities´ impact in research as well as the application of research in terms of innovation and of services (often called extension). The review is based on an initial database search yielding 6675 articles, of which 150 – after screening on title and abstract – were submitted to full text screening.
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