Three Dutch researchers, with affiliations with prestigious universities also in the US, have published an article in PNAS on The Matthew effect in science funding. They analysed data from a large academic funding program to quantify the Matthew effect and identify generative mechanisms. Their results show that winners just above the funding threshold accumulate more than twice as much funding during the subsequent eight years as non-winners with near-identical review scores that fall just below the threshold. This effect is partly caused by non-winners ceasing to compete for other funding opportunities, revealing a “participation” mechanism driving the Matthew effect.
May 7, 2018